Bible Think

Science and God’s Existence

The Existence of God

The idea that the Bible is inspired by God requires that God exists, and that he intervenes in the world from time to time. This is opposed by Atheists who assert that there is no God.

 

Atheists frequently claim that there is no evidence to support the idea that God exists. This is clearly wrong; there is in reality an abundance of such evidence. Some of the evidence includes:-

 

 

Other reasons for the existence of God do not involve science, but are nonetheless powerful. These include the existence of right and wrong, the existence of beauty, and the existence of purpose. The existence of miracles is also a testimony to the existence of God.

 

Contingent and Necessary

The simplest argument for the existence of God comes from the ideas of contingency and necessity.

 

Contingency: An entity is contingent if it could be different from what it is. Any contingent entity could be different, or could even not exist at all. Any contingent entity requires something to explain it; it can’t explain itself. One could say that science is about the explanation of contingent entities and that the success of science is a testimony to the fact that contingent entities require explanation.

 

Necessity: An entity is necessary if it logically requires no explanation or cause. A necessary entity must be as it is.

 

The ideas of contingency and necessity form part of several lines of reasoning which demonstrate the existence of God. They appear in ideas of the creation event, in the existence of laws of nature, in considerations of a multiverse and even in questions of ethics and morality.

 

The Argument from Contingency

This is an argument which shows the existence of God.

  1. Contingent entities exist (this is obvious - we see entities that are not infinitely old every day)
  2. Any contingent entity requires a cause or an explanatory factor. Something determines that the contingent entity exists, and why it is as it is. This is the idea behind science.
  3. An infinite regression of contingent entities is no explanation. Any sequence of contingent entities is contingent. Adding another contingent entity to the sequence makes no difference; the sequence is still contingent. One can continue to add contingent entities for as long as one likes; the sequence will never become necessary. The only way to make a necessary sequence is for a necessary entity to be present in it.
  4. There must therefore be a necessary entity which explains and causes the contingent entities. Effectively this is the only possible conclusion from step 3.
  5. This necessary entity is God.

 

The God of the Bible is a being who is outside the universe and created it. The Bible describes God as being from everlasting to everlasting; as being the entity who accounts for everything else, and as the originator of the laws that govern the universe.

 

Most telling, the God of the Bible describes himself as “I am that I am” (Exodus 3:13-15) The idea of a necessary entity was understood and proclaimed in one of the earliest books of the Bible. The idea of necessity was not invented until the late middle ages, but is found in a book from the Bible written in the middle bronze age. Truly the Bible is a book ahead of its time!

 

 

Links

Issues

These are areas where opponents of biblical Christianity have attacked the Bible on a number of fronts.

Downloads

Science and Creation

Click here to download a 50 page PDF file on the science which supports the idea of the existence of god.

The Big Bang and the Bible

Click here to load a pdf of an article which explains why one should believe that the universe came into existence at a single creation event and shows why this indicates the existence of God.

Who Made God?

A pdf file of an article which answers the naive question of who made the creator. A thorough understanding of this question shows that there must be a creator behind the whole of existence.

Creation and the Multiverse

One attempt by Atheists to undermine the argument from fine tuning is to propose the existence of an infinite number of universes. However, this doesn’t explain where the universe came from in an ultimate sense; nor does it answer the problem of fine tuning. Click here to download.

 

 

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